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Category: Glossary - Terms
 
A ballot submitted (as by mail) in advance of an election by a voter who is unable to be present at the polls.
 
Citizenship is the status given to a legal member of the United States. Individuals can automatically be American citizens from birth (known as birthright citizenship) if they are born within the U.S. or if they are born to an American citizen. Individual...
 
"Civic engagement means working to make a difference in the civic life of our communities and developing the combination of knowledge, skills, values and motivation to make that difference. It means promoting the quality of life in a community, through bo...
 
An officer of the armed forces holding by a commission a rank of second lieutenant or ensign or above.
 
A form of government in which the power to create and change laws is either directly exercised by the people (direct democracy) or by means of elected representatives of the people (representative democracy), and is defined by the existence of popular sov...
 
As in the "Democratic Party," which is one of the two major political parties in the U.S.
 
A person who relies on another for support. A dependent of a uniformed service member may be a spouse or other family member.
 
Your "last US residence" is meant to be your domicile. Under traditional rules and state law, a person is permitted to register and vote only in the place that constitutes his/her domicile. Different rules apply to active duty servicemembers, but when a...
 
For U.S. uniformed services on active duty, a domicile of origin is the place he/she lived/were domiciled immediately before entering active duty
 
Rather than directly voting for the President and Vice President, in the U.S. voters choose electors. These electors meet formally elect the President and Vice President of the U.S. The size of the Electoral College is equal to the total membership of bot...
 
The statutory right (legal right) giving a person the right to vote.
 
An election for the offices of President, Vice President, Presidential elector, and Congressional offices (Member of the U.S. Senate, and Member of the U.S. House of Representatives). Delegates from the District of Columbia, and the territories of Guam,...
 
The official federal government name given to the voter registration form used by voters eligible to vote under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA). The same form is used for ballot requests and change-of-address requests. A...
 
Created in 1955 by the Federal Voting Assistance Act, the Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP) is the federal government agency that is responsible for implementing UOCAVA and is a part of the Department of Defense. The FVAP also administers the feder...
 
1) An alternative, downloadable ballot, accepted by all states and territories, which you can use to vote in federal elections for the offices of President/Vice President, US Representative, and US Senator. 2) A back-up ballot, only valid when a U.S. ci...
 
A federal election cycle lasts 2 years (the term of US Representatives) and includes the associated primary and general election for that office. Therefore, since the voter registration / absentee ballot request is good for 2 federal election cycles, th...
 
For purposes of voter registration, an address other than your Current Address where you can receive your blank ballot by mail.
 
The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral United States Congress, the upper house being the United States Senate. The composition and powers of the House and the Senate are established in Article One of the Constitut...
 
The election official in each U.S. voting jurisdiction responsible for election administration at the district level. Contact information for your Local Election Official can be found in the Election Official Directory on our website.
 
Passed by the Senate in October 2009, this act amends the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Voting Act, referred to as "UOCAVA". Among other things, the MOVE Act: mandates a 45-day window for ballot transmission disallows the rejection of ballots for wh...
 
Free from party affiliation, bias or designation
 
A public officer who attests or certifies writings (as a deed) to make them authentic and takes affidavits, depositions, and protests of negotiable paper -- called also notary.
 
A solemn attestation of the truth or inviolability of one's words; a legal promise that one is telling the truth
 
A U.S. citizen voter, 18 years or older, living outside the U.S. either temporarily or indefinitely.
 
A U.S. citizen voter, 18 years or older, living outside the U.S. either temporarily or indefinitely.
 
The mechanism for choosing which candidates will run for each party in the final General Election.
 
A republic government is a type of government where the citizens choose the leaders of their country and the people (or at least a part of its people) have an impact on its government. In the United States, James Madison defined republic in terms of repre...
 
As in the "Republican Party," which is one of the two major political parties in the U.S
 
On the national level, refers to the person responsible for foreign policy and is a member of the President's cabinet. On the state level, the Secretary of State is an administrative officer responsible for certain governmental functions. The specific p...
 
The United States Senate is the upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the lower house being the House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Senate and the House are established in Article One of the U.S. Constitution. Each...
 
An election involving state level officials such as the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and State legislature.
 
Uniformed Services include the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, Merchant Marine, Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps.
 
An absent uniformed services voter is a member of one of the U.S. uniformed services, on active duty. The uniformed services are the U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard, as well as the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and t...
 
Current federal law that regulates voting for overseas and military citizens, which was passed in 1985. UOCAVA requires the states and territories to allow these citizens to register and vote in elections for federal office using absentee voting procedure...
 
In its biennial Voting Assistance Guide (VAG), the Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP) compiles absentee voting regulations, laws and deadlines. This document is an important source of reference information for those who assist overseas and military ...
 
UOCAVA requires each Federal department and agency with personnel covered by UOCAVA to have a voting assistance program. Each military unit has a VAO and the Department of State has a VAO at select embassies and consulates.
 
The district/election jurisdiction in which a vote is counted. This could be a County, a City, a Town or a Parish.
 
For civilian U.S. citizens outside of the U.S. the voting residence is the "Last U.S. Residence" or the last place you lived (were domiciled) before leaving the U.S. The voting residence does not depend on where you last voted. Your "last US residence" ...
 
Eligibility to vote in the U.S. is determined by both Federal and state law. Currently, only citizens can vote in U.S. elections. Absent of federal law or constitutional amendment, each State is given considerable discretion to establish qualifications fo...
 
A person asked to be present at a transaction so as to be able to testify to its having taken place.
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